Specialists in cardiology are called cardiologists. Cardiologist at Clinique Medicale Diamant takes care of the basic functioning of the cardiovascular system which includes the way the heart processes oxygen and nutrients in the blood, which is called coronary circulation. The circulation system consists of coronary arteries and coronary veins. Specialists in cardiology deal with the diagnosis and treatment of such conditions as:
- Congenital heart defects, which range from Atrial Septal defect to ventricular Septal defect.
- Acute coronary syndrome, which encompasses the broad range of myocardial infarction symptoms.
- Angina pectoris.
- Coronary heart disease and stenosis are other common disorders.
- Cardiac arrest; disorders of the myocardium, or the muscle of the heart, which include varieties of cardiomyopathy.
- Disorders of the pericardium, or the outer lining of the heart, which include types of pericarditis.
- Disorders of the heart valves, including the aortic valve, the mitral valve, the pulmonary valve and the tricuspid valve.
- Diseases of the blood vessels, or vascular diseases, which includes aneurysm, deep vein thrombosis, varicose veins, vasculitis and diseases of other blood vessels.
Cardiology diagnostic tests and procedures:
The diagnostic tests in cardiology are methods of identifying heart conditions associated with healthy vs. unhealthy, pathologic, heart function.
Laboratory Blood tests :
A variety of blood tests are available for analyzing cholesterol transport behavior, HDL, LDL, triglycerides, lipoprotein little a, homocysteine, C-reactive protein, blood sugar control: fasting, after eating or averages using glycosylated albumen or hemoglobin, myoglobin, creatine kinase, troponin, brain-type natriuretic peptide, etc. to assess the evolution of coronary artery disease and evidence of existing damage. A great many more physiologic markers related to atherosclerosis and heart function are used and being developed and evaluated in research.
Electrocardiography (ECG/EKG) monitors electrical activity of the heart, primarily as recorded from the skin surface. A 12 lead recording, recording the electrical activity in three planes, anterior, posterior, and lateral is the most commonly used form. The ECG allows observation of the heart electrical activity by visualizing waveform beat origin (typically from the sinoatrial or SA node) following down the bundle of HIS and ultimately stimulating the ventricles to contract forcing blood through the body.
A Holter monitor records a continuous EKG rhythm pattern (rarely a full EKG) for 24 hours or more. These monitors are used for suspected frequent rhythm abnormalities, especially ones the wearer may not recognize by symptoms.
Cardiac stress testing:
Cardiac stress testing is used to determine to assess cardiac function and to disclose evidence of exertion-related cardiac hypoxia of individual areas of the heart.
Cardiac imaging techniques include Coronary catheterization, echocardiogram, and Intravascular ultrasound.